Types Of Roofing Materials In Winnipeg

The Only Resource Guide to Roofing Material Types in Winnipeg You Need

Whether you are looking for types of commercial roofing, types of residential roofing, or both you will find out what you need to know in this guide. The roofing materials used in warmer climates are not always appropriate roofing materials in Winnipeg due to the colder climate and harsh winters so make sure you consider your specific location and climate before choosing the roofing materials that you will use.

Calculating the Cost of a New Roof

The cost of a new roof has two main components: the roofing material costs and the cost of the labor to install the roofing materials and tear off any old roofing if this is also necessary. It is not recommended to use the DIY method unless you are already a roofing professional because there are many problems that can result if the roof is not properly installed, plus the warranty on any shingles used in Winnipeg or other roofing materials may be voided.

Canadian Shingle Manufacturers

If you want shingles used in Winnipeg that were manufactured in Canada there area few companies that you can choose from. Building Products of Canada Corp. and IKO Industries Ltd. are both Canadian companies that manufacture shingles and other roofing products.

Types of Residential Roofing Available

  • Asphalt or Composition Shingles – This is one of the most common types of roofing in Winnipeg, and in most other places as well. Typically organic material like waste paper, wood fiber, cellulose, or other items are completely saturated with an asphalt solution. This makes the shingle waterproof. Next a coating of adhesive asphalt is applied to the top and ceramic granules are then embedded into the shingle. This material can be used in all climates and temperatures.

shingle roof type

  • Solar Panel Roofs – Advances in solar technology mean that solar panel roofs today can be affordable and attractive while generating power that can be used in the home or other type of structure. Solar cells are located in the individual glass tiles. An experienced professional should always be used to install this type of roof. Solar panel roofs can be installed anywhere but they are most effective when used in areas that receive a lot of sunlight most or all of the year.
  • Clay or Cement Tiles – Tiles are one of the roofing material types available in many locations, and these may be made from clay or cement. Clay is not one of the common roofing materials in Winnipeg or other colder areas though because these tiles can become brittle and break easily when exposed to extreme cold. Cement tiles are considered a better choice because this material is stronger and heavier so it can stand up to the lower temperatures and other winter weather conditions.
  • Faux Slate – Faux slate is roofing material which looks like slate but that can cost considerably less and is much lighter so there is less of a load on the structure. This roofing material is attractive but unlike actual slate they will not crack or break in lower temperatures as easily.
  • Wood Shakes and Shingles – These materials are durable and can stand up to snow, ice, wind, and lower temperatures. Wood shakes and shingles can be used in most climates and they provide aesthetic appeal as well as protection.
  • Metal Roofing, Shingles, and Shakes – Metal roofs are a more common choice in colder climates because any ice or snow will slide off the metal surface easily and this can prevent weight buildup, icicles, and even leaks over time. Metal roofing material costs will fluctuate depending on the price of the metals used because metal prices go up and down frequently. Snow guards and heating cables are typically installed so that snow sheets do not slide off all at once. Another issue with these types of roofing in Winnipeg can be the noise during rain and storms because metal roofing materials do not absorb sound as well as some other types of roofs do.

Metal roofing material

  • Copper – Copper roofs can be more expensive than other metal roofing types because of the roofing material costs involved due to the fact that copper can be more expensive than tin, steel, and other metal types. A copper roof can last for many decades, even a century or longer when properly maintained. This type of roof has curb appeal, it is durable, and it can be quite energy efficient when properly installed.
  • Slate – Slate is not one of the roofing material types commonly used in Winnipeg or other colder climates because this material can crack or break in colder temperatures and does not stand up well to ice and snow. Slate is expensive and very heavy, but it is also durable in warmer climates and it has a lot of aesthetic appeal. Slate roofing must be properly installed and additional support may be required due to the heavy weight.
  • Green Roofs – Green roofs, also commonly called living roofs, use living materials to create green spaces on the roof. A waterproof membrane is installed for proper drainage, and then a growing material is applied. A green roof can be very energy efficient but it involves special considerations that need to be evaluated. These roofs are becoming more common in Europe because they help provide green spaces and minimize any heat buildup in populated areas. Living roofs can be significantly more expensive than many other types of residential roofing options, and careful structural analysis and planning are required.

Types of Commercial Roofing Choices

  • Thermoplastic Roof Membranes – This is one of the most commonly available types of commercial roofing in Winnipeg. These materials do not have the crosslinking that thermoset roofing does so it can be softened repeatedly with heat and then cooled so that it hardens again. Common forms of thermoplastic roof membranes are PVC and TPO although there are others as well.

thermoplastic commercial roof

  • Built Up Roofing – Commonly referred to as BUR or tar and gravel this is one of the types of roofing in Winnipeg. This roof consists of reinforced fabrics that are alternately layered with bitumen so that a finished membrane is created. A surfacing agent such as gravel, mineral granules, or even hot asphalt . At times a base sheet will be mechanically fastened to the roof structure so that the BUR is securely fastened.
  • Spray Polyurethane Foam Based Roofs – This roofing type utilizes a foam that is created by combining two liquid components. This is then sprayed on the roof structure to form an adhered roof. The foam can be sprayed in varying thickness so that more or less slope and thermal resistance can be achieved. A protective surfacing agent is applied after the foam so that the roof is protected from the elements and is properly weatherproofed.
  • Thermoset Roof Membranes – These roofing membranes are also widely available and can be found in Winnipeg and other Canadian cities. The principal polymers used in the roofing membranes are chemically cross linked, and once they have been cured adhesives are used to bond them with similar materials. The most common subcategories of this roofing material type include EPDM, CSPE, ECH, CR, and PIB. The membrane sheets can range in thickness, width, and length. When the term rubber roof is used this normally refers to an EPDM roof.
  • Metal Panel Roofing – A metal panel roof system uses structural metal panels, and it is one of the types of commercial roofing that is widely available and commonly used. A sealant product is used in the seams to provide complete weatherproofing. The roofing material costs will depend on the type of metal used in the panels as well as other factors. Some metals may need specific maintenance at regular intervals to ensure no leaks or rust develop.
  • Green Roofs – In addition to being one of the types of residential roofing green roofs can also be used in commercial structures as well. A waterproof membrane is applied and then vegetation is planted. This type of roof acts as a heat sink and it provides excellent insulation when installed properly. A green roof is one of the more expensive types of roof to have installed but the energy savings and extended roof lifespan can help offset the initial cost over time.
  • Asphalt Roll Roofing – This is one of the roofing materials in Winnipeg that is available but not widely used except for temporary purposes. Asphalt roll roofing has a structure similar to shingles but it is much thinner and more lightweight because the material comes in one long strip that is rolled up. This type of commercial roofing is very lightweight and inexpensive, but it is also prone to shrink and tear with temperature changes because the material expands and contracts. The material is attached using glue, nails, bitumen, or other methods.

commercial asphalt roofing

• Liquid Roofing- Liquid roofing is one of the appropriate roofing materials in Winnipeg because this type of roof can hold well against even extreme temperatures and harsh winter weather. A liquid coating that is fully bonded is applied to the roof structure and then allowed to cure. The end result is a waterproof membrane that has a rubber like capabilities. The material can stretch and shrink without sustaining damage. Usually a secondary material like glass reinforced plastic is applied over the liquid roof coating so that the roof has more tensile strength. This type of roof is cost effective, it offers high performance, it is easy and safe to apply, and it encapsulates the underlying surface for better weatherproofing and insulation.

Which Types of Roofing in Winnipeg are Right for You?

Choosing the right roof and the right roofing professionals, whether you live in Winnipeg or Toronto, can be a daunting task. This is the roof that will protect your residential or commercial building for years to come so you want to get it right the first time around. Unless you are already a roofing professional this is not a project you want to use the DIY method with because so much depends on proper installation.

The first step in finding the best types of roofing in Winnipeg is to determine whether you need residential roofing or commercial roofing. Both types have certain roofing systems and methods that may be appropriate but there are differences between the two as well. If you are looking for a new flat roof for a commercial structure then there is no need to evaluate the right shingles used in Winnipeg, and few homes have rubber roofs or metal roof panels.

The right roofing material types will also depend on your budget, the current appearance of your home or commercial building, how well the materials will stand up to the Winnipeg weather and climate, current roofing material costs, your personal preferences, and other factors. An experienced roofing professional can help you determine which roofing materials in Winnipeg will work best for your roofing needs.

The Right Roofing Company is Key

Whether you are evaluating types of commercial roofing, types of residential roofing, or both the right roofing company or contractor is key. Regardless of the roofing material types that you use proper installation is critical for any roof. The roof needs to be completely weather and water proof, it needs to be sturdy and durable, and proper insulation is also important for energy efficiency. Winnipeg winters can be harsh and some materials will not work well as a result.

When evaluating roofing companies in Winnipeg look at the experience that the company has with the specific type of roof that you want. Consider how long the company has been in business, what kind of reputation they have in the industry, whether they can provide references from previous clients who also had this type of roof installed, and the cost of the estimate provided. The cheapest roofing company is not necessarily the best choice when it comes to something this important, you want the roof installed right even if it costs more.

Resources:

http://homerenovations.about.com/od/houseexteriorframework/tp/Types-Of-Roofing-Materials.htm
http://www.everybodyneedsaroof.com/roof-system-types
https://www.thisoldhouse.com/ideas/choosing-roofing-materials
http://www.casma.ca/members/#.WE2OwvkrKUk
http://www.certainteed.com/residential-roofing/types-asphalt-roofing-shingles/
http://www.buildersandremodelers.com/blog/roofing-for-cold-climates
http://www.pacificcoastroof.com/the-best-roofs-for-cold-climates/
http://allroofingsolutionsde.com/the-pros-and-cons-of-copper-roofing/
http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/green-rooftop.htm
http://firestonebp.ca/technical-information/all-details/asphalt-roof-systems/built-up-roofing/